This course is designed to help students interpret and understand the physical world around us. We will investigate and study the interactions between the Earth’s four spheres including the geosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere to explain Earth’s formation, natural processes, history, landscapes, and changes over time. The first semester will discuss topics on the Earth’s Formation and History, along with a basic look at different rocks and minerals and the processes that cause them to form. The second semester will look at Earth’s changes, focusing on plate tectonics, and then looking at more specific information about the formation of specific landforms of plate boundaries as well as the effects of plate movement such as earthquakes. Students will participate in laboratory exercises, field trips, small group activities, class discussions, and many research projects throughout the year. This is a full-year class.